Skip to content Skip to Search
Skip navigation

How Jordan can reduce its greenhouse gas emissions

It may emit less than some of its peers, but the country's climate goals are just as ambitious

Jordan is threatened by water shortages as Mena countries are warming at twice the global average Reuters TV
Jordan is threatened by water shortages as Mena countries are warming at twice the global average

Home to around 11 million people, Jordan is a small greenhouse gas emitter compared to many countries. But it is still investing in mitigating climate change in the transport and industrial sectors. 

Total greenhouse gas emissions in Jordan in 2018 were 35.81 metric tonnes of carbon dioxide, which represents 0.06 percent of the global total. Emissions per capita are also low – and decreasing – and stand at 3.6. tonnes/capita.

But the kingdom has established ambitious greenhouse gas emission reduction targets relative to its peers in the Middle East and North Africa (Mena).

It has increased its commitment to reduce emissions from 14 to 31 percent by 2030, with 26 percent conditional on financing and 5 percent unconditional.

The reductions are reflected in sector targets such as Jordan’s electric vehicle fleet reaching 8.3 percent of the country’s total vehicles. Average annual CO2 emissions are expected to be 241,000 tonnes lower.

Using World Bank shadow prices for carbon, from 2022 to 2030 Jordan could save an estimated $70 million through lower carbon emissions from the vehicular fleet.

The Mena region is warming at twice the global average and is projected to be up to 4C warmer by 2050.

The area’s main players must therefore increase their trust in sustainable finance, and governments must facilitate initiatives to encourage public-private partnerships.

December’s UN Cop28 climate summit in the UAE will help set milestones for public-private collaboration, but companies in Mena often need to catch up with those elsewhere in their sustainability efforts.

According to the World Bank Group’s Country Climate and Development Report, Jordan needs $9.5 billion in investments to move toward low carbon development and foster a greener economy.

Over 60 percent of that figure must come from the private sector (not including the Aqaba-Amman Water Desalination and Conveyance Project), and investment needs to cover the water, agriculture, energy, transport and urban waste management industries.

To mobilise sustainable finance we must improve government practices concerning public investment management and leveraging private investments. 

Jordan can develop a robust pipeline of capital investment by piloting innovative government support mechanisms. This will strengthen the worth of public-private partnership projects and scale up the role of state-owned enterprises in financing green infrastructure and climate change projects.

Businesses in Jordan can play a crucial role by creating eyecatching sustainable investments. And many jobs can be adapted and created through climate-focused investments in renewable energy, but even more so in the construction and agri-food sectors.

Climate change can only be solved by the mobilisation of all segments of society. The road to Cop28 will require the inclusion of and engagement with young people, as today’s youth are the climate leaders of tomorrow.

Our young population has the potential and capabilities to create an enduring impact, as our region works to mainstream the new climate investment narrative.

Hamzeh Al-Alayan is general manager of Edgo and a regular regional energy and industrial commentator

Latest articles

Turkey foreign property sales

Foreigners turning back on Turkish real estate

Foreign buyers are increasingly shunning the Turkish property market, wary of high prices, the expensive cost of living and a less welcoming environment for overseas real estate investors. There were only 2,064 residential units sold to foreign buyers in May, 35 percent down on the same month last year, data issued by the state statistics […]

2KEY8G1 Emirates Airline Airbus A380 aircraft landing. Aerial view of Emirates Airlines A380-800 airplane. An Emirates plane coming in to land at LAX; a spokesperson for Emirates said the contraventions were for safety reasons

US fines Emirates for operating in prohibited airspace

Emirates has been fined $1.5 million by the US Transportation Department for operating flights carrying JetBlue Airways’ JBLU.O designator code in prohibited airspace. The transportation department said that between December 2021 and August 2022, Emirates operated a significant number of flights carrying the JetBlue Airways code between the United Arab Emirates and the United States […]

Egypt will use the US funding across a range of sectors including agriculture

US allocates $130m development funding to Egypt

The US has allocated funding of $130 million for a range of developmental projects in Egypt, it was announced on Thursday. In a press release published by the US Embassy in Cairo, ambassador Herro Mustafa Garg said that the money would go towards “advancing Egyptian efforts to achieve a brighter, healthier, and more prosperous future […]

Hollywood actor Leonardo DiCaprio. A US VC fund backed by him plans to invest $50m in Mena climate tech startups

US firm to invest $50m in Mena climate tech

A US venture capital firm backed by Hollywood actor Leonardo DiCaprio plans to invest $50 million in Mena climate tech startups over the next five years. Princeville Capital is targeting mature startups with strong growth potential, facilitating quick exits and a clear path to profitability, its co-founder Joaquin Rodriguez Torres told AGBI. The firm has […]