Skip to content Skip to Search
Skip navigation

Aramco’s Nasser: a homegrown engineer who reached the top

Saudi Aramco CEO Amin Nasser predicted growth in oil demand of around 1.5m bpd in 2024, which is less optimistic than Opec's forecast Reuters/Ahmaed Yosri
Saudi Aramco CEO Amin Nasser predicted growth in oil demand of around 1.5m bpd in 2024, which is less optimistic than Opec's forecast
  • Saudi oil giant vies with Apple as the world’s most valuable company
  • Aramco took overSABIC under its downstream drive,
  • The company launched an IPO in a record $29.4 billion listing in 2019
  • It released first report on its emissions after decades of secrecy

At an industry event this year in Riyadh, the Saudi energy minister paused at about 9pm in front of some 1,000 people and told them it was bedtime for Amin Nasser, the chief executive of state-owned oil producer Saudi Aramco.

He was not joking.

Over a career of four decades, Nasser has earned a reputation for a style of dedication that means he will be making sure he is prepared for the challenges of the day ahead, not mingling into the early hours.

“It was kind of embarrassing you know with protocol and all these things, but it goes to show his work ethic and all that he tends to do to stand out,” an industry source, speaking on condition of anonymity, said.

Aramco reported a soaring 90 percent rise in second-quarter profit, beating analyst expectations, boosted by higher oil prices, volumes sold and refining margins.

The company expects “oil demand to continue to grow for the rest of the decade, despite downward economic pressures on short-term global forecasts,” Nasser said in Aramco’s earnings report.

The Saudi oil giant vies with Apple Inc. as the world’s most valuable company. It temporarily grabbed the top spot in May, helped by a rise in oil prices to 14-year-highs after Russia’s invasion of Ukraine on Feb. 24 raised concerns about energy supplies.

While juggling the daily management tasks of a company with 70,000 employees, Nasser has also addressed the questions that surround how to meet the world’s energy needs and become increasingly outspoken on the issue.

Climate change

In common with other oil majors, Aramco has defended the continued use of fossil fuels during the transition to cleaner energy.

Typically understated and diplomatic, Nasser broke from his usual convention last December to say a lack of spending on oil production could have serious social consequences and investment needed to continue in parallel with developing alternative sources.

Addressing the World Petroleum Congress in Houston, Texas, Nasser criticized an assumption that the world could shift to cleaner fuels “virtually overnight.”

“I understand that publicly admitting that oil and gas will play an essential and significant role during the transition and beyond will be hard for some,” Nasser told delegates.

“But admitting this reality will be far easier than dealing with energy insecurity, rampant inflation and social unrest as the prices become intolerably high and seeing net zero commitments by countries start to unravel.”

For some those comments in the US oil heartland of Texas have proved prescient as high energy prices and global inflation sent world leaders, including US President Joe Biden, knocking on Saudi Arabia’s door in search of extra barrels.

But as drought, record temperatures and flooding have increased global alarm about any new development of fossil fuels, many others say the overwhelming need is for investment in renewable and other domestic sources of energy.

“In some circles he (Nasser) is seen as a climate threat, due to Aramco’s aggressive plans to ramp up production to 13 million barrels per day by 2027,” said Jim Krane, energy research fellow at Rice University’s Baker Institute and author of the book Energy Kingdoms.

“But in Saudi circles, he is seen as an innovator willing to diversify Aramco’s successful business model by pushing into chemicals, hydrogen, and decarbonising Aramco’s operations.”

Record IPO

Under Nasser, Aramco took over Saudi petrochemical giant SABIC under its downstream drive, launched an IPO in a record $29.4 billion listing in 2019, and released the company’s first report on its emissions after decades of secrecy.

The homegrown technocrat was an unknown quantity in the West. In contrast to other Aramco CEOs, he is not a product of a major US university and instead climbed the company’s ranks after receiving a Saudi education.

Nasser began his career as a petroleum engineer. Before becoming CEO in 2015, he held positions including vice president of upstream when he led the company’s largest capital investment program in its integrated oil and gas portfolio.

Nasser has become highly popular at Aramco by promoting a decentralized culture and spending time with both leaders and workers, analysts say.

During the Muslim fasting month of Ramadan, he makes a point of visiting an Aramco field or plant every evening and breaking the fast with crews. 

One of Nasser’s biggest tests came in 2019 when drones and missiles struck Aramco’s Abqaiq and Khurais oil plants and halved Saudi Arabia’s crude output.

The US and Saudi Arabia blamed Iran for the attack. Tehran denied any involvement.

Nasser was at the Aramco emergency unit within seven minutes, said the industry source. He did not micro-manage and gave managers in the field the freedom to make decisions during a high-pressure moment.

“Despite 50 percent of Aramco’s operations being impacted by the attack, within a matter of a few weeks, Aramco was able to restore the bulk of its operations,” said Mazen Alsudairi, head of research at Al Rajhi Capital.

“This was possible because he continued the strong risk management policy of the company that leaves no scope for leniency.”

Latest articles

The Saudi government is trying to raise home ownership among nationals to 70 percent of the population by 2030, which is helping to drive up residential property prices

Residential price rise counters slip in Saudi commercial property

Residential property was the driving force behind a rise in Saudi Arabian real estate prices in the first quarter of 2024 as prices of commercial real estate fell, government statistics released this week showed.  The overall real estate price index rose by 0.6 percent compared with the same quarter in 2023. But while there was […]

Residents in Muscat. Oman's government is taking steps to increase the size of its debt market

Sukuk takes bigger slice of Oman’s shrinking debt market

Oman’s total debt capital market contracted by 7 percent to $44 billion last year as the government took advantage of its budget surplus from higher oil and gas prices to make early payments. The energy boon helped its budget surplus total $2.4 billion. Despite the shrinking debt market Fitch Ratings said sukuk issuance in Oman […]

Marcel Ciolacu, Romania's PM, speaks to reporters in Rome. He is now in Qatar for trade talks

Romania touts $16bn of opportunities as PM visits Qatar

Romania is looking to secure €15 billion ($16 billion) of investment from Qatar during a visit by its prime minister, Marcel Ciolacu. He is set to hold talks with Qatar’s prime minister and minister of foreign affairs, Mohammed bin Abdulrahman bin Jassim Al Thani. Ciolacu is also due to have discussions with representatives of Qatar […]

The under-construction Zayed National Museum in Abu Dhabi

UAE wealth fund ADQ buys stake in Abu Dhabi builder

UAE sovereign wealth fund ADQ is acquiring a stake in the construction company building the Guggenheim and Zayed National museums in Abu Dhabi. Alpha Dhabi Holding (ADH), an investment holding company, announced in a filing to the Abu Dhabi Stock Exchange on Tuesday that it will divest 49 percent of its subsidiary Alpha Dhabi Construction […]