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Israel’s judicial proposals prompt startups to relocate

Laptop, Pc, Computer
A survey by the Israel Innovation Authority found 80 percent of startups established so far this year were opened outside the country

The government’s plan to overhaul the judicial system is harming investor confidence and pushing high-tech firms to relocate abroad, Israel’s state-backed agency that supports high-tech companies said.

A survey by the Israel Innovation Authority found 80 percent of startups established so far this year were opened outside Israel and that companies also intend to register their future intellectual property overseas, which would result in a severe blow to Israel’s tax coffers.

Israel’s high-tech sector employs 10 percent of the country’s workforce, accounting for around 15 percent of economic output, more than half of exports and a quarter of tax income.

Proposals by Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu’s hard-right coalition to give the government greater say in the selection of judges while limiting the supreme court’s power to strike down legislation have worried current and potential investors.

Opponents say the proposals would remove vital checks and balances, threaten minority rights and undermine Israel’s democratic foundations.

Final approval of the government’s bitterly disputed judicial overhaul package has been delayed after widespread protests, to try tofind a compromise between proponents and opponents.

“Even if the legal-judicial crisis is solved, it will take time to reach a solution, and even after this, it will take time to build confidence with investors once more,” said Dror Bin, chief executive of the Innovation Authority, adding that the legal plan was exacerbating harm from a weaker economy.

Benny Gantz, head of the largest opposition party, said Israeli parties have made no progress towards a compromise after a month of meetings.

“We set out with a number of principles, first and foremost that there will be no politicisation of the judicial system. It hasn’t changed and it won’t change,” he said, as the Knesset parliament returned from its spring break.

In a report delivered to innovation, science and technology minister Ofir Akunis, the innovation authority cited a significant gap between tech stocks traded in Tel Aviv and on Nasdaq.

While the Nasdaq is up 17 percent this year, Israel’s tech index is down four percent.

Should the gap widen further, “many Israeli hi-tech companies will find it very hard to raise investment and will be forced to close or move to other countries”, it said.

It added that high-tech fundraising in the first quarter was just $1.7 billion, the lowest quarterly figure since 2019.

The authority recommended a number of steps such as easing regulations, incentives to encourage investment and incentives for startups to register intellectual property in Israel.

“The findings require the government to take rapid action in order to reverse the worrying trends it highlights,” said Akunis, a long-time Netanyahu adviser.