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India expects EU carbon tax to hit steel and iron exports  

Architecture, Building, Factory Creative Commons
n April, the EU approved the world's first plan to impose a levy on high-carbon goods imports from 2026

Already facing subdued demand from developed nations, India’s exports are likely to be hit by the European Union’s 20-to-35 percent tariffs on high-carbon goods such as steel, iron ore and cement, the finance ministry said in a report released on Thursday.

In April, the EU approved the world’s first plan to impose a levy on high-carbon goods imports from 2026, aiming to become a net zero emitter of greenhouse gases by 2050, some 20 years earlier than India’s target.

Reporting of carbon content in exports to the EU would be required from October 1, 2023. The main goods affected would be steel, cement, aluminium, fertilisers, electricity and hydrogen.

“The impending downside risks to India’s exports include the European Union’s introduction of the carbon border adjustment mechanism,” the finance ministry said in its annual economic report.

On the positive side, the report said energy prices were expected to remain at lower levels for the rest of the year, which should take pressure off the trade deficit.

India’s merchandise trade deficit rose faster than expected in May to $22.12 billion, up from $15.24 billion in April, as a result of reduced demand for Indian exports from developed countries.

The report also said India’s rural demand is on the path to recovery and the country is expected to see sustained economic growth for a long time.

It did, however, flag risks arising from geopolitical tensions and the impact on the agricultural sector of the El Niño weather phenomenon.