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Bank of Israel raises key rate and seeks fiscal restraint

REUTERS/Steven Scheer
Yaron says the bank is determined to reduce the inflation rate and to return it to within the target range

The Bank of Israel raised its benchmark interest rate by half a point on Monday, and will likely continue its increases a bit more in coming months, saying it seeks to curb inflation running above five percent.

The central bank as expected lifted its key rate to a 14-year high of 3.75 percent from 3.25 percent. In April, policymakers began raising the rate from 0.1 percent and have been aggressive during a front-loading process, but most analysts believe the tightening cycle is close to over.

Bank of Israel governor Amir Yaron said monetary policy was already “restrictive” but expressed concerns over inflation, even though it is lower than in much of the West. The labour market is tight and the new government is set to spend heavily to meet coalition agreements.

While the central bank’s own economists project the key rate at four percent in a year’s time – meaning there would be just one more quarter-point hike – Yaron could not commit to that peak.

Speaking to reporters, he said the pace of hikes would continue to be data dependent. “We won’t hesitate to raise rates further,” Yaron said, adding he expects inflation to start easing in the second quarter. “I believe that interest rates in general will have to remain at a high level.”

Despite the rate hikes, Israel’s annual inflation rose to a 14-year high of 5.3 percent in November from 5.1 percent in October – well above the government’s one-three percent annual target range and fuelling public anger at spiking living costs.

The central bank’s staff sees inflation at three percent in a year, easing to two percent in 2024.

“We are determined to reduce the inflation rate and to return it to within the target range,” Yaron said.

A new government led by Benjamin Netanyahu, whose coalition partners have made hefty budget demands, took office this week. Yaron cautioned against a spike in the deficit and debt burden.

“It is important that the new government acts with the necessary responsibility with regard to fiscal policy” and on public sector wage agreements, he said. “It is important to remember that the Israeli economy cannot take for granted the high regard from the rating entities and international financial institutions.”

Israel’s economy grew an annualised 1.9 percent in the third quarter from the second quarter, slower than a 7.4 percent pace in the prior three months.

Growth is expected at 2.8 percent in 2023, revised down from three percent, and 3.5 percent in 2024, according to the Bank of Israel’s updated forecast.